Dealing with a diversity of cultures is an ongoing challenge for cities around the world. This issue has become particularly important in recent years with the attrition of the public sphere being reported by scholars and planning practitioners. In this presentation I will discuss recent research in which I have been involved, regarding ‘ethnic enclaves’ in Los Angeles and Hong Kong. It has been found that contemporary enclaves are very different from the old “Chinatowns” found around the world. Further, while multiculturalism has brought us many benefits, it is not without problems of its own. What is the future of the multicultural city? How can planners help to create more inclusive communities? These issues will be discussed with special reference to UAE.